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                        • ▸▸
                          • 🇬🇧 Plutonium
                          • 🇨🇳 鈽
                          • 🇳🇱 Plutonium
                          • 🇫🇷 Plutonium
                          • 🇩🇪 Plutonium
                          • 🇮🇱 פלוטוניום
                          • 🇮🇹 Plutonio
                          • 🇯🇵 プルトニウム
                          • 🇵🇹 Plutônio
                          • 🇷🇺 Плутоний
                          • 🇪🇸 Plutonio
                          • 🇸🇪 Plutonium

                          Plutonium: the essentials

                          Plutonium atoms have 94 electrons and the shell structure is 2.8.18.32.24.8.2. The ground state electronic configuration of neutral plutonium is [Rn].5f6.7s2 and the term symbol of plutonium is 7F0.

                          Plutonium: description  

                          Plutonium was the second transuranium element of the actinide series to be discovered. By far of greatest importance is the isotope 239Pu, which has a half-life of more than 20000 years. One kilogram is equivalent to about 22 million kilowatt hours of heat energy. The complete detonation of a kilogram of plutonium produces an explosion equal to about 20000 tons of chemical explosive. The various nuclear applications of plutonium are well known. The isotope 233Pu was used in the American Apollo lunar missions to power seismic and other equipment on the lunar surface. Plutonium contamination is an emotive environmental problem.

                          plutonium dioxide
                          Plutonium dioxide, PuO2. Image adapted with permission from 's (U. North Texas, USA) Walking Tour of the elements CD.

                          Plutonium: physical properties

                          More physical properties...

                          Plutonium: heat properties

                          More thermochemical properties...

                          Plutonium: atom sizes

                          More atomc size properties...

                          Plutonium: electronegativities

                          More electronegativity properties...

                          Plutonium: orbital properties

                          More orbital properties...

                          Plutonium: abundances

                          More geological data...

                          Plutonium: crystal structure

                          Pu crystal structure
                          The solid state structure of plutonium is: bcc (body-centred cubic).

                          More crystallographic data...

                          Plutonium: biological data

                          Plutonium has no biological role.

                          More biological data...

                          Plutonium: uses

                          Uses...

                          Plutonium: reactions

                          Reactions of plutonium as the element with air, water, halogens, acids, and bases where known.

                          View reactions of plutonium...

                          Plutonium: binary compounds

                          Binary compounds with halogens (known as halides), oxygen (known as oxides), hydrogen (known as hydrides), and other compounds of plutonium where known.

                          View binary compounds...

                          Plutonium: compound properties

                          Bond strengths; lattice energies of plutonium halides, hydrides, oxides (where known); and reduction potentials where known.

                          View compound properties...

                          Plutonium: history

                          Plutonium was discovered by Glenn T. Seaborg , J. W. Kennedy, E. M. McMillan, A. C. Wahl in 1940 at USA. Origin of name: named after "the planet Pluto".

                          More history...

                          Plutonium: isotopes

                          Isotope abundances of plutonium
                          Isotope abundances of plutonium with the most intense signal set to 100%.

                          More isotope and NMR data...

                          Plutonium: isolation

                          Isolation: coming soon!

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